Going Overboard with Fiqh (Ahadith 1415 - 1419)


Bismillah.
Hadith no. 1413 (below) is a repeat. Read it here.
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 713:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and his companions assumed Ihram for Hajj and none except the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and Talha had the Hadi (sacrifice) with them. 'Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) arrived from Yemen and had a Hadi with him. 'Ali (radiallaahu `anhu) said, "I have assumed Ihram for what the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) has done." The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered his companions to perform the 'Umra with the lhram which they had assumed, and after finishing Tawaf (of Ka'ba, Safa and Marwa) to cut short their hair, and to finish their lhram except those who had Hadi with them. They (the people) said, "How can we proceed to Mina (for Hajj) after having sexual relations with our wives?" When that news reached the Prophet he said, "If I had formerly known what I came to know lately, I would not have brought the Hadi with me. Had there been no Hadi with me, I would have finished the state of lhram." 'Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa) got her menses, so she performed all the ceremonies of Hajj except Tawaf of the Ka'ba, and when she got clean (from her menses), she performed Tawaf of the Ka'ba. She said, "O Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! (All of you) are returning with the Hajj and 'Umra, but I am returning after performing Hajj only." So the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) ordered 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) to accompany her to Tan'im and thus she performed the 'Umra after the Hajj.
Hadith no. 1414 (below) is also a repeat. Read it here.
Volume 2, Book 26, Number 714:
Narrated Hafsa (radiallaahu `anhaa):
(On 'Id) We used to forbid our virgins to go out (for 'Id prayer). A lady came and stayed at the Palace of Bani Khalaf. She mentioned that her sister was married to one of the companions of Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) who participated in twelve Ghazawats along with Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and her sister was with him in six of them. She said, "We used to dress the wounded and look after the patients." She (her sister) asked Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), "Is there any harm for a woman to stay at home if she doesn't have a veil?" He said, "She should cover herself with the veil of her companion and she should take part in the good deeds and in the religious gatherings of the believers." When Um 'Atiyya (radiallaahu `anhaa) came, I asked her. "Did you hear anything about that?" Um 'Atiyya (radiallaahu `anhaa) said, "Bi Abi" and she never mentioned the name of Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) without saying "Bi Abi" (i.e. 'Let my father be sacrificed for you'). We asked her, "Have you heard Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) saying so and so (about women)?" She replied in the affirmative and said, "Let my father be sacrificed for him. He told us that unmarried mature virgins who stay often screened or unmarried young virgins and mature girls who stay often screened should come out and take part in the good deeds and in the religious gatherings of the believers. But the menstruating women should keep away from the Musalla (praying place)." I asked her, "The menstruating women?" She replied, "Don't they present themselves at 'Arafat and at such and such places?"

Today's Ahadith:

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 715:
Narrated 'Abdul 'Aziz bin Rufai:
I asked Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu), "Tell me what you remember from Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (regarding these questions): Where did he offer the Zuhr and 'Asr prayers on the day of Tarwiya (8th day of Dhul-Hajja)?" He replied, "(He offered these prayers) at Mina." I asked, "Where did he offer the 'Asr prayer on the day of Nafr (i.e. departure from Mina on the 12th or 13th of Dhul-Hijja)?" He replied, "At Al-Abtah," and then added, "You should do as your chiefs do."

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 716:
Narrated 'Abdul 'Aziz:
I went out to Mina on the day of Tarwiya and met Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) going on a donkey. I asked him, "Where did the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) offer the Zuhr prayer on this day?" Anas (radiallaahu `anhu) replied, "See where your chiefs pray and pray similarly."

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 717:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) offered a two-Rakat prayer at Mina. Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu), 'Umar (radiallaahu `anhu) and 'Uthman (radiallaahu `anhu), (during the early years of his caliphate) followed the same practice.

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 718:
Narrated Haritha bin Wahab Al-Khuza'i (radiallaahu `anhu):
The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) led us in a two-Rakat prayer at Mina although our number was more than ever and we were in better security than ever.

Volume 2, Book 26, Number 719:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Masud (radiallaahu `anhu):
I offered (only a) two Rakat prayer with the Prophet (at Mina), and similarly with Abu Bakr (radiallaahu `anhu) and with 'Umar (radiallaahu `anhu), and then you differed in opinions. Wish that I would be lucky enough to have two of the four Rakat accepted (by Allah).
  1. Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) shortened salah in Minaa. Should we do it or not? Answer here.
  2. There's no need to fight over this issue, as Abdullah ibn Mas`ud (radiallaahu `anhu) comments in the last narration. Because the real question is whether those 2 or four rak`aat will be accepted by Allah or not?
    It often happens that we get so engrossed in Fiqh issues that the spirit in worship gets lost somewhere. Must prevent that! Yes, knowing the 'how' is very important, but we shouldn't forget the 'why' in the process. Allahul Musta`aan!
Taken from: http://ilookilisten.wordpress.com/2013/03/17/going-overboard-with-fiqh-ahadith-1415-1419/