Game of Makkah (Ahadith 1581 - 1583)


Bismillah.
Volume 3, Book 29, Number 58:
Narrated Sa`id bin Abu Sa`id Al-Maqburi:
Abu Shuraih, Al-`Adawi said that he had said to `Amr bin Sa`id when he was sending the troops to Mecca (to fight `Abdullah bin Az-Zubair), "O Chief! Allow me to tell you what Allah's Messenger (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said on the day following the Conquest of Mecca. My ears heard that and my heart understood it thoroughly and I saw with my own eyes the Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) when he, after Glorifying and Praising Allah, started saying, 'Allah, not the people, made Mecca a sanctuary, so anybody who has belief in Allah and the Last Day should neither shed blood in it, nor should he cut down its trees. If anybody tells (argues) that fighting in it is permissible on the basis that Allah's Messenger (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) did fight in Mecca, say to him, 'Allah allowed His Apostle and did not allow you.' "Allah allowed me only for a few hours on that day (of the conquest) and today its sanctity is valid as it was before. So, those who are present should inform those who are absent (concerning this fact." Abu Shuraih was asked, "What did `Amr reply?" He said, (`Amr said) 'O Abu Shuraih! I know better than you in this respect Mecca does not give protection to a sinner, a murderer or a thief."

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 59:
Narrated Ibn `Abbas:
"The Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, 'Allah has made Mecca, a sanctuary, so it was a sanctuary before me and will continue to be a sanctuary after me. It was made legal for me (i.e. I was allowed to fight in it) for a few hours of a day. It is not allowed to uproot its shrubs or to cut its trees, or to chase (or disturb) its game, or to pick up its luqata (fallen things) except by a person who would announce that (what he has found) publicly.' Al-`Abbas said, 'O Allah's Messenger (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam)! Except Al-Idhkhir (a kind of grass) (for it is used) by our goldsmiths and for our graves.' The Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) then said, 'Except Al-Idhkhir.' " `Ikrima said, 'Do you know what "chasing or disturbing" the game means? It means driving it out of the shade to occupy its place."

Volume 3, Book 29, Number 60:
Narrated Ibn `Abbas:
On the day of the conquest of Mecca, the Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, "There is no more emigration (from Mecca) but Jihad and intentions, and whenever you are called for Jihad, you should go immediately. No doubt, Allah has made this place (Mecca) a sanctuary since the creation of the heavens and the earth and will remain a sanctuary till the Day of Resurrection as Allah has ordained its sanctity. Fighting was not permissible in it for anyone before me, and even for me it was allowed only for a portion of a day. So, it is a sanctuary with Allah's sanctity till the Day of Resurrection. Its thorns should not be uprooted and its game should not be chased; and its luqata (fallen things) should not be picked up except by one who would announce that publicly, and its vegetation (grass etc.) should not be cut." Al-`Abbas said, "O Allah's Messenger (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam)! Except Al-Idhkhir, (for it is used by their blacksmiths and for their domestic purposes)." So, the Prophet (sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, "Except Al-Idhkhir."
Prohibitions:
  • Killing animals/hunting birds
  • Cutting trees
    Exception: Izkhar grass
  • Bloodshed
    Exception: murderer/sinner/thief
  • Fighting
  • Chasing game, or even disturbing it to take its place under the shadow
  • Picking up luqta (fallen things)
    Exception: small things
    In the case of property lost in the Haram, it is not permissible for anyone to take it except the one who identifies it (the owner). If it's something small and inexpensive, it may be given to those in charge of lost items or given in sadaqah on the owner's behalf.