Wealth and Poverty are both a Test and Honor or Disgrace for the Servant

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 Wealth and Poverty are both a Test and Honor or Disgrace for the Servant

Allah (swt) says in Al Quran: Surah Al-Fajr: Verse 15-20

As for man, when his Lord tries him by giving him honour and bounties, then he says (in): "My Lord has honoured me." (15) But when He tries him, by straitening his means of life, he says: "My Lord has humiliated me!" (16) Nay! But you treat not the orphans with kindness and generosity (i.e. you neither treat them well, nor give them their exact right of inheritance)! (17) And urge not one another on the feeding of AlMisk├«n (the poor)! (18) And you devour inheritance all with greed, (19) And you love wealth with much love! (20) 

Allah refutes man in his belief that if Allah gives Him abundant provisions to test him with it, it is out of His honor for him. But this is not the case, rather it is a trial and a test, 

as Allah says,

(Do they think that in wealth and children with which We enlarge them. We hasten unto them with good things. Nay, but they perceive not.) (23:55-56) 

Likewise, from another angle, if Allah tests him and tries him by curtailing his sustenance, he believes that is because Allah is humiliating him. 

As Allah says,

(But no!) meaning,

the matter is not as he claims, neither in this nor in that. For indeed Allah gives wealth to those whom He loves as well as those whom He does not love. Likewise, He withholds sustenance from those whom He loves and those whom He does not love. The point is that Allah should be obeyed in either circumstance. If one is wealthy, he should thank Allah for that, and if he is poor, he should exercise patience.
copied from Tafseer ibn Kathir
 by Mohammad Rana Usman Nisar