Reality of Wahdatul Wujood

by Allama Ibtisam Elahi Zaheer
The concept of Wahdatulwujood is not proved from Quran and Sunnah of prophet salal laho aliehi wasalam and this ideology is introduced in Muslims due to affect of Hinduism and pre Christ Greek theology.Philosophy of Wahdatul wujood says that Allah swt manifests Himself in His every creation .So ultimately the result is that every creation is actually a part and parcel of Allah swt .Or every creation is reflection of Allah swt.The negative outcome of this philosophy is that every false god is also accepted as Allah swt and this results in wrong concept of unification of religions also termed as wahdatul Adyan.This concept is also sometimes listened and found in poetry of some Qawwals with the words like" You are in Masjids you are in Temples you are in jungles" and so on.Prophet salal laho aliehi wasalam introduced concept of Tauheed which states that Allah is independent and seperate from His creations and Tauheed does not say that there is no being except Allah but Tauheed says there is no one to be worshipped besides Allah .If we believe in concept of Wahdatul wujood what was the need of refutation of worshipping of

1 Idols
2 Jesus Christ
3 Angels
4 Graves
5 Heavenly Organisms
6 Dualism

Oneness of Allah swt in Islam does not mean that He is the only being in universe but it means that He is the only Ilah [GOD] and provider in the universe and no one can be invoked and worshiped besides Him. Lets look how the attribute Wahid (One) of Allah has been used in Holy Quran. In Surah Yousaf Allah swt says that Yousaf aliehis salam while preaching his companions in prison said:

Are many different lords (gods) better or Allâh, the One, the Irresistible? (Yusuf 12:39)

This verse proves that issue of dispute was not that there is one being but issue of dispute was that He is The only Lord

Similarly in Surah Nahal Allsh swt says:

And Allâh said (O mankind!): "Take not ilâhaîn (two gods in worship, etc.). Verily, He (Allâh) is (the) only One Ilâh (God). Then, fear Me much [and Me (Alone), i.e. be away from all kinds of sins and evil deeds that Allâh has forbidden and do all that Allâh has ordained and worship none but Allâh]. (An-Nahl 16:51)

This verse once again proves that Allah swt demands from His creations that they should take Him as only Ilah and does not demand that they should take him as the only being

In Surah Momin Allah swt says that on the day of judgement He will say:

Whose is the kingdom this Day? (Allâh Himself will reply to His Question): It is Allâh's the One, the Irresistible! (Ghafir 40:16)

This verse proves that issue will not be that Allah will be the only being on day of judgement but the issue will be that kingdom of that day belongs to Him only

Similarly in Surah Sad Allah swt says that mushrikeen were objecting Rasool salal laho aliehi wasalam by saying:

Has he made the âliha (gods) into One Ilâh (God - Allâh). Verily, this is a curious thing!" (Sad 38:5)

This verse proves that mushrikeen had objection that why Rasool salal laho aliehi wasalam was presenting concept of One Ilah and was refuting concept of multiple Ilahs

Some of the scholars try to justify this concept by saying that universe is nothing compared to Allah swt.This taweel is not acceptable because even if some things are negligible compared to some other beings it does not make smaller things part of the bigger things.For example ant is nothing compared to an elephant but it does not make ant a part of elephant.

Allah swt has always discussed Himself as seperate being when He discusses His creations.Allah swt says in Surah Mujadilah:

Have you not seen that Allâh knows whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth? There is no Najwa (secret counsel) of three, but He is their fourth, nor of five but He is their sixth not of less than that or more, but He is with them wheresoever they may be; and afterwards on the Day of Resurrection, He will inform them of what they did. Verily, Allâh is the All-Knower of everything. (Al-Mujadilah 58:7)

This verse is clear indicator that creations are separate entities from creator.May Allah guide us all to the right path ameen