Uloom-Ul-Hadith : Kitabat-e-Hadith. (Writing of Hadith/Preserving).


In the present world, many misconceptions were spread among Muslim Community. One of them is writing or preserving of Hadith. Before, Prophet  صلى الله عليه و سلام said to stop writing Hadith and later on it was allowed to write. Because of this some people doubt authenticity of Hadith. In sha ALLAH today we shall clear this confusion.
Firstly, we will look at those Hadith in which Prophet  صلى الله عليه و سلام stopped Sahabah from writing Hadith and than later on permitted them.
 Book 042, Number 7147, Chapter 17 : Sahih Muslim
Abu Sa’id Khudri reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Do not take down anything from me, and he who took down anything from me except the Qur’an, he should efface that and narrate from me, for there is no harm in it and he who attributed any falsehood to me-and Hammam said: I think he also said:” deliberately” -he should in fact find his abode in the Hell-Fire.
This Hadith shows that Prophet  صلى الله عليه و سلام stopped everyone from writing Hadith but He didn’t stopped them memorizing and then conveying it ,as you can see Prophet’s words ,” narrate from me, for there is no harm in it”.
The Prophet  صلى الله عليه و سلام said, “May Allah enlighten face of person who  hears from me, memorize it ,preserves it and then narrates it to others, as he heard it from me”(Reported in Tirmidhi, Ibn Mas’ud, Sahih and Hasan)
This Hadith shows that Prophet  صلى الله عليه و سلام  permitted them to write Hadith again, in order to preserve it. As we mentioned earlier , there are two types of Wahi (Revelation). Allah took the responsibility of saving Quran and so do Hadith was saved by preserving it in Text form.
Sahih Bukhari , Volume 1, Book 3, Number 114 : Narrated by ‘Ubaidullah bin ‘Abdullah
Ibn ‘Abbas said that Prophet said,  ’Bring for me (writing) paper and I will write for you a statement after which you will not go astray.’

QUESTION POPPED UP IN YOUR MIND BECAUSE IN CLASS, IT HAPPENED TO ME ALSO.
Are you thinking that Why Prophet  صلى الله عليه و سلام stopped sahabah from writing Hadith?
Answer: There are some reasons  and they are as follows :
1-      As we know that Qur’an was also written down by Sahabah, at the same time writing HADITH might have resulted in confusion that which one is Hadith and which one is ayah of Qur’an. Those who note down verbal lecture hurriedly, knows best how difficult it is to distinguish between two different things written on ONE PAGE OF NOTEBOOK. It happens with me so when I reach home and open my notebook to revise, I cannot understand which thing is connected or is separate from another. So, Prophet  صلى الله عليه و سلام feared the mixing up of both revelations. (Wah-e-Matlu which is Qur’an and Wah-e-Ghair Matlu which is Hadith).
2-      One of the other reason of mixing up both revelations was that the level of writers of Hadith were not same. Some had more Iman than others and some were more careful in writing from others. So, not being much careful can lead to mixing up.
Alhamdu-lillah when they got trained Prophet allowed them to write. This was researched by Ulema of Hadith and one of the famous Ulema of Hadith is Ibn Hajar Isqalani. He did interpretation of Hadith and name of that Book is “Fath-ul-Bari’ It is in 12 or 13 Volumes.Alhamdu-lillah. He said regarding this matter, ”The first command was to stop from preserving and to allow it was later, which “Mansukh” the first command”.
Ibn-e-Jawzi said same.
Question : Why should we believe on this research of scholars of Hadith?
Answer : Scholars are the heirs of the Prophets, who have assumed their role in conveying the Message and calling people to Islâm. They are the people of abundant good fortune, as the Prophet  (peace and blessings of Allâh be upon him) said: “The scholars are the heirs of the Prophets, for the Prophets do not leave behind any dinars or dirhams (i.e., wealth), but they leave behind knowledge. Whoever receives this knowledge receives abundant good fortune.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 2606). Allâh wills good for the scholars, as the Prophet  (peace and blessings of Allâh be upon him) said: “Whoever Allâh wishes good for, He enables him to understand the religion properly.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 69)
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Alhamdu-lillah. Please share this beneficial knowledge with others and let them know the basics about Hadith . May ALLAH reward you Ameen.
Rabana taqabul Mina inaka Antus Samee ul Aleem Ameen
I will continue next time In sha ALLAH with another Yum Yum topic  :).
Taken from : Kitabat-e-Hadith