Fasting while Travelling (Ahadith 1657 - 1664)

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 162:
Narrated Ibn Abi Aufa (radiallaahu `anhu):
We were in the company of Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) on a journey. He said to a man, "Get down and mix Sawiq (powdered barley) with water for me." The man said, "The sun (has not set yet), O Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)." The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) again said to him, "Get down and mix Sawiq with water for me." The man again said, "O Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! The sun!" The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said to him (for the third time) "Get down and mix Sawiq with water for me." The man dismounted and mixed Sawiq with water for him. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) drank it and then beckoned with his hand (towards the East) and said, "When you see the night falling from this side, then a fasting person should break his fast."

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 163:
Narrated 'Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
Hamza bin 'Amr Al-Aslami (radiallaahu `anhu) said, "O Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)! I fast continuously."

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 164:
Narrated 'Aisha (radiallaahu `anhaa):
(the wife of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam)) Hamza bin 'Amr Al-Aslami (radiallaahu `anhu) asked the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam), "Should I fast while traveling?" The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) replied, "You may fast if you wish, and you may not fast if you wish."

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 165:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) set out for Mecca in Ramadan and he fasted, and when he reached Al-Kadid, he broke his fast and the people (with him) broke their fast too. (Abu 'Abdullah said, "Al-Kadid is a land covered with water between Usfan and Qudaid.")

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 166:
Narrated Abu Ad-Darda (radiallaahu `anhu):
We set out with Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) on one of his journeys on a very hot day, and it was so hot that one had to put his hand over his head because of the severity of heat. None of us was fasting except the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and Ibn Rawaha (radiallaahu `anhu).

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 167:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah (radiallaahu `anhu):
Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) was on a journey and saw a crowd of people, and a man was being shaded (by them). He asked, "What is the matter?" They said, "He (the man) is fasting." The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said, "It is not righteousness that you fast on a journey."

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 168:
Narrated Anas bin Malik (radiallaahu `anhu):
We used to travel with the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) and neither did the fasting persons criticize those who were not fasting, nor did those who were not fasting criticize the fasting ones.

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 169:
Narrated Tawus:
Ibn 'Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) said, "Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) set out from Medina to Mecca and he fasted till he reached 'Usfan, where he asked for water and raised his hand to let the people see him, and then broke the fast, and did not fast after that till he reached Mecca, and that happened in Ramadan." Ibn 'Abbas (radiallaahu `anhu) used to say, "Allah's Apostle (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) (sometimes) fasted and (sometimes) did not fast during the journeys so whoever wished to fast could fast, and whoever wished not to fast, could do so."
Lessons from the above narrations:
  1. It is permissible to fast while travelling.
  2. If fasting is a burden while travelling, it's better to avoid it because it's not righteousness.
  3. Whether a person fasts while travelling or does not, they should not be criticized. It's their own personal choice.
  4. If the fasts of Ramadan are missed due to travelling, they have to be made up later. This will be discussed in future posts as well inshaAllah.